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Making it simpler for patients and health care professionals like physicians and nurses to access and exchange vital medical information online can improve treatment quality, safety, and cost. Patients’ medical records are frequently kept in their doctors’ offices and at their own residences. Most patients bring their medical records with them when they visit the doctor’s office. The Healthcare interoperability solution can increase the completeness of patients’ information, leading to improved treatment results, but doctors cannot quit talking to their patients in person.
What is Health Information Exchange?
At the time of enrollment, you will learn about how we use electronic health information exchange (HIE). It’s called Health Information Exchange when two people share information. It’s legal for health care providers and insurers from all over the world to share and use your information.
People who want to understand a Health Information Exchange first need to know what health information is.
This category includes information about a patient’s physical and mental health in the past, now, and in the future (such as a doctor or pharmacist). People who see their doctor for a checkup get new or updated health information every time they do so.
The way health data is collected and shared is regulated by a health data exchange (HIE). The well-being of a patient is dependent on good communication and coordination. An expert in medicine might make a mistake if they don’t know enough about a patient. Keep doctors and hospitals up to date on a patient’s health, cut down on prescription mistakes, and make it easier for people with more serious medical problems to go to appointments without having to collect and carry a lot of paperwork for them.
Gathering and sharing health data over a network is what an HIE does.
What are the Different Types of Health Information Exchange Data?
Now, health information exchange (HIE) is divided into three distinct sorts, with each of them delivering a different type of access to health data and doing it differently.
1. Directed Exchange
Directed exchange is a way for doctors to move patient data safely. In order to send and receive encrypted data over long distances, only professionals who already know each other can use the internet to do so. If you think of direct interaction as an encrypted email between two people who you trust, you’re on the right track. With the help of a facilitated exchange, patients and doctors can work together more effectively.
People who work for CMS and public health agencies get vaccination information and quality-measurement data from each other through direct exchange.
2. Query Based Exchange
Providers can use the query-based exchange to get specific patient health data from a lot of different clinical sources. Healthcare professionals use this kind of HIE when they need to give unexpected treatment, like in an accident.
For instance, An ER doctor might need to know about a patient’s X-rays, current medications, and problems. This is how you would say it. As soon as a woman has a miscarriage, her doctor may want to look at her pregnancy records.
3. Consumer Mediated Exchange
Patients can acquire their own medical information online through a consumer-mediated exchange without jeopardizing their safety. HIE, similar to internet banking, allows people to take more control over their health and money while their physicians and hospitals remain in charge.
Patients can participate in the planning of their own health care through “consumer-mediated commerce.”
Providing crucial health information to the public
Patient happiness and care quality both improve when people can quickly locate and correct information about their own health.
What is Health Information Exchange Architecture?
There are three forms of public HIEs, with the first commencing at the local level (Centralized), the second advancing to the state level (Federated), and the third concluding at the national level (Hybrid), also known as the National Wide Area Health Information Network (NwHIN) (Nationwide Health Information Network).
1. Centralized Model
It is the job of the HIE authority to make a single Clinical Data Repository for all member institutions (CDR). Regional hospital systems, for example, might be better off with a centralized design.
When it comes to storing and updating patient data, the clinical data repository (CDR) works with each hospital’s patient data repository or health information system to make sure the data is safe and up to date (HIS). Central authorities can get information about patients and make changes to records through these links. They can then use the data to make their own records better.
If you want to set up and keep an HIE, the most common is the central one. It’s also the most expensive to set up and keep. It costs a lot of money to buy servers that need to be managed and kept safe. EHRs and CCDs are also important in any business.
2. Decentralized Model
A federated HIE architecture is made up of clinical data repositories located throughout the country. As part of this agreement, all centralized HIEs commit to supply unique patient IDs to the state-wide HIE. It is not as effective as it is with Single HIEs. In this case, the RCA is the only place where patient data is kept.
The HIE’s patient registration allows members to discover more about patients. The patient register uses the patient’s name, social security number, and other information to generate a “virtual map” of the patient’s medical information.
When a record is discovered, the central authority of the state notifies the person who requested it. The next step is to get in touch with the medical facility and ask for the patient’s information. An encrypted email or a virtual private network (VPN) might be used to send the information to the person who needs it. You can also use PayPal and other safe internet services.
People who utilize Federated HIE and Centralized HIE will not be able to converse as well as they would if the two were used in the opposite order. Patients may need to employ a record locator service if they are unable to locate their medical records.
3. Hybrid Model
The EHR/HIE Interoperability Workgroup is a federally funded group that develops and tests the standards and practices that are needed to exchange health information across the country. The Nationwide Health Information Network (NwHIN) wants to help us build our national health system as well, and it wants to do this.
Unlike the Hybrid Architecture model shown, in this example the place where records are moved from one state to another is done at the national level. These kinds of things happen when a national group, like the NwHIN, keeps restricted data on a national level for people’s health. This example is based on the fact that all of the state HIEs that are part of this example are Federated.
4. Private Model
Several hospital systems have established private HIE systems with their own databases and clinicians who send patients to them. ACOs frequently operate their own HIEs. Because there is only one private governing body, it is likely that a private HIE will employ the Centralized HIE paradigm. Because there is just one private governing organization, HIEs, state databases, and the NwHIN may all be rapidly linked to private HIEs.
7 benefits of HIE
So now that we have learnt about the different types of HIEs and their architecture, let us conclude with the benefits of the HIEs.
- Reduce medical errors which can risk patients’ safety
- Reduce bottleneck paperwork
- Provide the accurate and responsible information to caregivers so that they can deliver the best care and services for the patients
- Get rid of unnecessary processes and redundancy
- Manage the better reporting and monitoring
- Make the personal health information visible to the consumers
- Improve the outcomes of the healthcare service
- Reduce costs and save time in the patient care services